Drywall Guide for Beginners
Are you looking for a drywall supplier? Working on a home project that requires drywall? You must first educate yourself about the material and what it can be used for. There are a number of factors you need to consider when buying drywall: size, layout, tools, etc.
To help you get started, here is an overview about drywall.
In residential projects, the typical size is 4×8 (feet), although drywall is available in sizes up to 16×4 (feet). If you want anything bigger than the standard 4×8, you will need to have the sheets delivered. The larger sizes are difficult to carry as well.
As for the thickness, ½-inch thick sheets are ideal for standard wall installations. For some kitchens, 5/8-inch thick drywall is ideal.
Would it be best to lay the panels vertically or horizontally? If your ceilings are the typical height of 8-feet, you can choose either one. For a single person job, vertical placement might be easier, as it allows the installer to use a foot level to raise each panel upward until it reaches the ceiling.
Horizontal would be ideal if you have more than one set of hands for the job, or have a ceiling that goes up higher than 8 feet.
How can you fasten drywall to a surface? The old method was to tackle drywall to studs with cheap nails, which usually required re-tacking a few years later. Today, there are specially-designed drywall screws and nails. When fastening to ceilings joists, use either drywall screws or annular ring nails. For fastening panels to wall studs and bottom/top plates, use drywall screws or nails.
Sanding is a difficult process for many people. You should also keep in mind that it kicks up a lot of dust. A number of tools are required for sanding. Some of the pros use an “open mesh” sanding screen; it’s best to avoid this method if you don’t have a lot of experience.
Use a pole sander with 120 grit sandpaper when sanding the walls and ceiling; maintain an even pressure across the surface. To deal with the occasional seam and screw-hole, you can use the wet-sand alternative method. Dip a sponge in water, squeeze it out, and then smooth over the compound.
It’s recommended that you use aluminum-oxide sandpaper for the job, as it is thick, doesn’t tear easily, and won’t clog.
This step takes the longest. It’s a multi-part process. You’ll need to make sure that there is no loose or broken drywall before you start. Use a setting compound only for repairing broken corners and filling gaps. For the actual taping, be sure to use a drying compound.
It’s going to take several layers of mud. Some of the pros use special wide taping knives for applying the second and third coats of mud. Never, ever place leftover mud in the pail, or leave up any tape that has a dry bond. If tape is already dried, replace it or cut it out. Peel back tape that is still wet and fill it.
Now that you have a basic understanding, you can buy drywall. Be sure to order from a quality supplier with a good reputation.