Which is preferred between vertical and horizontal construction?
It all depends on what you want to construct. But ideally, in layman's terms, vertical construction would mean building upwards while horizontal, building across. Therefore, vertical construction work will most likely rest on a smaller geographical area as compared to vertical construction.
The lay understanding is fortunately not far from the fact. At times, structural engineers argue on whether horizontal or vertical construction is more exciting and fun to work on. Well, horizontal construction mimics a bridge, while vertical construction relates to how buildings are designed.
Unlike vertical construction, engineers working on the horizontal design do not need the services of an architect. Horizontal construction projects are single-handedly, managed by structural engineers. On the other hand the vertical team is majorly managed by an architect. This is because the design and structural analysis form a smaller fraction of the entire vertical project.
In residential building with 9-ft tall walls, fitting the drywall in horizontal style can reduce the lineal distance by up to 25 percent over vertical attachment. When delving on a stairwell or on the end wall in a cathedral room, 2 places synonymous with higher walls, horizontal construction is your best bet.
Areas such as top plates of walls and floor joists beams where studs meet the rafters, can be traversed to ensure seams are situated off these regions. Horizontal attachment significantly fortifies the structure, thus making seams to be at an ideal level for finishing.
What is the difference between parallel vs. perpendicular construction?
Parallel columns are known as coplanar lines which don’t converge. They have equal slopes, and like the definition implies, will not meet at any given point. On the other hand perpendicular columns are coplanar lines that converge forming a 90-degree angle. So, whenever there’re perpendicular lines, expect 90 degree angles and vice versa. The perpendicular lines have slopes which are each other’s’ reciprocals.
An on-center frame’s spacing is critical when attaching drywall on the ceiling. It is important to shape the beveled edge off so that the seam can land on a joist. Drywall is about three times stronger in the long direction compared to the short one. Accordingly, then drywall that is suspended perpendicular to the framing is studier than the drywall that hangs parallel, so that it does not droop. Perpendicular lengths can be resized by cutting if attached, so that the butt seams land where they have been designed to land; that is the right place.
However much we try to run away from butted seams, it is imperative to note that an occasional butt seam is far much better that a ridged seam spanning the length of a sagged drywall or ceiling between joists. Perpendicular orientation does strengthen the structure since the drywall floats over the uneven joists, concealing them.
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